For the last few years, there has been a constant debate of what should come first, the EV cars or EV charging stations (EV stands for Electric Vehicles). But at last, the Government of India has laid down the guidelines for electric infrastructure. The Government of India has mentioned several key factors in an official document sent out to public by the Ministry of Power on December 14, 2018. It is decided that cities with more than 4 Million population will get this infrastructure on priority. So, Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata, Surat and Pune are the luckiest of the lot.
The Government has already announced perks for electric car users and owners such as private vehicle will be provided with green base number plate with white numbering and commercial vehicles will get yellow numbering, to distinguish them from the rest of the vehicles.
To spread the infra rapidly, Government has decided to keep this a de-licensed activity and power distribution companies themselves will facilitate proper distribution and connectivity on priority for public charging stations as well as residence and office charging stations.
Already existing gas stations will also receive this infra but they have to build a firewall like a separation so people can distinguish between the two. Company operated gas stations will get priority as compared to privately owned gas stations. It is specified in the guidelines to setup at least one charging station in a grid of 3*3 Km on both sides of the road/highways at every 25 Km and a fast charging station at every 100 Km for long distance EV’s.
However, these infra is a blessing in disguise for the people who have adopted EV in early stages because the new stations as per specification includes: CCS, CHAdeMO and TYPE-2AC with high rated Voltage which is in the range of 200 – 1000 volts and the EVs which are complying on the roads uses less than 100 Volts for charging.
Government is keen on the adoption of Electric Vehicles as in the guidelines, it is mentioned that all the public charging stations should have equipment and technicians to perform Battery Swapping, so all EV OEMs have to maintain inventory of all different size batteries so they can swap immediately. The three big problems are will come into picture will be the rate of charge/hour, inventory cost of batteries and how to dispose/recycle the discharged batteries.
Let’s see how the future unfolds for EVs.